Stainless steel is a rust and corrosion-resistant iron alloy. Stainless steel alloys often contain at least 11% chromium. The alloy gains useful qualities when adding various chemicals and metals. The chromium creates a passive layer that shields the metal and self-heals in the presence of oxygen. This creates the corrosion-resistant quality that makes stainless steel alloy useful. Stainless steel is recyclable and accommodates sustainable building requirements. Read More…
Stainless Steel AlloyAlthough stainless steel is an alloy itself, comprised of iron, carbon, chromium, additional materials such as molybdenum, nickel, nitrogen and copper can be added to create a number of stainless steel alloys.
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Cada Stainless is a distributor of stainless steel in strip, coil & sheet. All grades of stainless steel available- annealed, tempered in 301,302,304,316, straight and L grades, 17/4, 17/7, 420,430,440, temper rolling to specific thicknesses & tolerances available.
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At Universal Stainless & Alloy Products, our goal is to provide premium quality specialty stainless steel products to a variety of industries: electronics, medical and more. We provide stainless steel bar, plate, round, ingot, slab, rod, wire and special shapes, acting as a forger, reroller and service center.
At Murphy and Nolan Inc., we take pride in crafting high-quality stainless steel products that meet the diverse needs of our customers. With a rich history spanning several decades, our commitment to excellence has solidified our position as a trusted provider in the industry.
The first step in creating stainless steel is melting scrap metals and additives in an electric arc furnace (EAF). The EAF uses high-power electrodes to heat metals for hours, producing a flowing, molten mixture. The carbon makes the iron harder and stronger. However, too much carbon can lead to future issues, like carbide precipitating during welding. Before casting, it’s crucial to calibrate and reduce the carbon content of molten stainless steel to the appropriate level.
After the carbon reduction, the temperature and chemistry are balanced and homogenized to guarantee the steel's composition remains consistent throughout the batch. It also helps ensure the metal will satisfy certain grade specifications. Next, the foundry produces a simple shape to cool and work the molten steel. The finished product will determine the precise form and size.
Components of Stainless Steel Alloys
Chromium-based stainless steel is significantly more resistant to corrosion, staining, and tarnishing.
Nickel will improve an alloy’s ductility, weldability, and formability. Overall, nickel enhances the versatility of stainless steel.
Stainless steel alloys with high carbon content are resilient and long-lasting. As a result, they’re commonly used for the food-grade stainless steel in cooking utensils.
Types of Stainless Steel Alloys
Ferritic Stainless Steel
Ferritic stainless steel is essentially nickel-free, with chromium making up 10.5% to 27% of it’s composition. A high chromium concentration makes the ferritic alloy corrosion and oxidation-resistant. However, because of it’s low mechanical qualities, it’s utilized as less stressed. Ferritic stainless steel is useful for high-temperature applications because of its excellent expansion coefficient and high-temperature resistance.
Martensitic Stainless Steel
Martensitic stainless steel has a chromium content between 11.5 and 18%, less than carbon, and occasionally some nickel. This alloy isn’t very ductile, but the high carbon content makes it strong, wear-resistant, and sturdy. Manufacturers use martensitic stainless steel alloys for applications requiring exceptional mechanical qualities.
Austenitic Stainless Steel
Austenitic stainless steel has over 18% chromium, 8% nickel, and minor quantities of molybdenum, titanium, nitrogen, and other elements. This alloy makes up almost 60% of all stainless steel manufacturing. Austenitic stainless steel has the best overall performance and greatest output compared to other alloys. Due to its excellent plasticity, toughness, and weldability, it’s often used for corrosion-resistant applications.
Duplex Stainless Steel
Duplex stainless steel contains roughly half Austenite and half Ferrite alloys. Typically, there’s over 30% of at least one component. To create duplex stainless steel, increase the Cr content of 18-8 austenite, or add ferrite components. Duplex stainless steels retain the Ni alloy, bidirectional austenite, and ferrite structures. This mixture overcomes the flaws of ferrite and austenite while retaining their perspective advantages. However, duplex stainless steels require a stringent procedure due to their poorer heat resistance and moderate temperature brittle zone.
Precipitation Stainless Steel
Precipitation stainless steel is created when stainless steel is combined with additional components through precipitation hardening. The mixture will determine the precise composition and characteristics of the precipitation alloy. Precipitation stainless steels are often ductile, strong, and corrosion-resistant.
To ensure long-lasting results and reduce expenses, it is crucial to understand which stainless steel grades are appropriate for different applications. There is often a stainless steel alloy to fit your needs, whether you’re seeking a robust alloy to withstand marine conditions or a beautiful alloy polished for utensil use.
Choosing the Correct Stainless Steel Alloy Manufacturer
To make sure you have the most beneficial outcome when purchasing stainless steel alloys from a stainless steel alloy manufacturer, it is important to compare at least 4 manufacturers using our stainless steel alloy directory. Each stainless steel alloy manufacturer has a business profile page that highlights their areas of experience and capabilities and a contact form to directly communicate with the manufacturer for more information or request a quote. Review each stainless steel alloy business website using our patented website previewer to get an idea of what each company specializes in, and then use our simple RFQ form to contact multiple stainless steel alloy companies with the same message.
Stainless Steel Alloy Informational Video
Stainless Steel Power Pages
Stainless Steel 304
Stainless steel grade 304 is an austenite stainless steel that is the most widely used and versatile of the various grades of stainless steel. It is a part of the T300 series stainless steels with a chromium content of 18% and nickel content of 8%...
Stainless Steel 316
Stainless steel is a type of steel alloy containing a minimum of 10.5% chromium. Chromium imparts corrosion resistance to the metal. Corrosion resistance is achieved by creating a thin film of metal...
Stainless Steel Grades
Stainless steel grades each consist of carbon, iron, 10.5%-30% chromium, nickel, molybdenum, and other alloying elements. It is a popular metal used in various products, tools, equipment, and structures that serve in many industrial, commercial, and domestic applications...
Stainless Steel Fabrication
Stainless steel can be fabricated using any of the traditional forming and shaping methods. Austenitic stainless steel can be rolled, spun, deep drawn, cold forged, hot forged, or stippled using force and stress...
Stainless Steel Tubing
Stainless steel tubing is a strong and durable material that is used for structural purposes and is corrosion resistant with little need for maintenance. The diameters and variations of stainless tubing differ based on the...
Perforated Stainless Steel
Perforated stainless steel is cut, punched, or stamped to produce a precise pattern of holes or apertures. It is used for functional reasons, such as filtration or ventilation, and aesthetic ones, such as architectural accents...
Stainless Steel Hinges
Stainless steel hinges connect two components while allowing them to move in relation to one another. They can have various leafs shaped like rectangles and other forms depending on the type of stainless steel hinge. Stainless steel hinge leafs are...
Stainless Steel Tanks
Stainless steel tanks are widely used in food, beverage, dairy, medicine, cosmetics, and other manufacturing processes where cleanliness and purity are important. These are also used in industrial plants for storing chemicals and...
Titanium metal, with the symbol Ti, is the ninth most abundant element in the earth‘s crust. It does not occur in large deposits, yet small amounts of titanium are found in almost every rock...